II. For questions 9-15, choose the answer (A,B,C or D) which you think fits best according to the texts. Write your answers in your answer sheet.(14 points)
THE AGE OF EXPLORATION
One important result of the Age of Exploration that is sometimes forgotten is the spread of new types food throughout the world. Many historians tend to focus on the discovery of gold, silver, and new people. However, the globalization of diet was also an important aspect of this time period. Some foods common to standard diets in many modern countries originated in the New World. Corn, tomatoes, asparagus, chili peppers, and potatoes are some of the more well-known examples. These foods play an important role in not only modern diets, but in modern economies as well.
The peanut, for examples, is a very popular food worldwide. Some archaeologists believe that peanuts have been a staple in some cultures for at least 3,500 years. They believe that the peanut is native to Peru and another South American country, Brazil. Sailors from Europe first took the peanut with them on ships back to Spain. From Spain, the peanut was then introduced to other European countries. Today, the peanut is a staple in the diets of people in Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia. It is also a key cash crop for many African countries and US states. Indeed, without the peanut, the economies of these areas would be strongly affected.
In addition to peanuts, Peru is citied as the country of origin for other popular foods today. The artichoke, for example, was another food that explorers carried back to Europe from the New World. Today, artichokes are a popular vegetable in many parts of the world. Reports show that Peru continues to export about $20 million worth of artichokes each year! The biggest Peruvian crop export, however, is asparagus. Today, Peru ships more asparugus to foreign markets than any other country. Asparagus is a green, grass-like vegetable popular in the diets of the French an other European nations.
9. According to the passage, which of the following is true about the foods mentioned in this passage?
A. They all originated in Brazil.
B. They all come from the Americas.
C. They were first popular in Africa.
D. They are the most important crops for export.
10. According to the passage, when were peanuts probadly first eaten?
A. During the Age of Exploration.
B. More than 3,500 years ago.
C. After sailors went back to Spain.
D. About 2,000 years ago.
11. Which of the following could best replace “originated in” as used in paragraph 1?
A. Was brought to
B. Was sold in
C. Came from
D. Was unique
12. As used in paragraph 3, the word “export” is closest in meaning to
A. sell in other countries
B. bring in
Body language imparts meaning without the use of words. It is a type of non-verbal communication. There are certain recognized distionctions between types of body language: voluntary/involuntary and universal/cultural. The first distionction is often fuzzy. For instance, a smile can be voluntary or involuntary. However, by the second distinction, smiles are universal. They are interpreted the same across all cultures. Nodding and head shaking, however, are cultural. In Turkey, the former is replaced by raising the eyebrows. It is thought that body language has its roots in animal communication. Indeed, great apes raised in captivity are quite proficient at reading human body language.
13. The word “they” in the passage refers to
D. people who smile
14. What can be inferred from the passage about nodding?
A. It will be understood everywhere.
B. It will not be understood in Turkey.
C. It will not be understood by an ape.
D. It will be understood if it is voluntary.
15. The word “fuzzy” in the passage is closest in meaning to
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